Olmec Civilization

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The Olmec Civilization prospered in ______ in the pre classical Mesoamerica from 1200 BCE to c. 400
Which civilization is considered the forerunner of all Mesoamerican cultures such as the maya and Aztecs? The Olmec Civilization
How big was the Olemc civilization? It was centered in the Gulf of mexico, current day Veracruz and Tabasco. It spread as wide as the present day Nicaragua
Corn was first cultivated in _______? Mesoamerica
The Olmec Civilization dates back from _____ BCE to about _____ BCE from 1400BCE to about 400BCE
what does the term "Olmec heartland" describe? It describes an era in the Gulf lowlands that is generally considered the birthplace of the Olmec culture
What are some of the geographical characteristics of the Olmec heartland? It is a swampy lowland punctuated by low hills, ridges and Volcanoes.
The Olmec first appeared within the city of _____ San Lorenzo Tenochtitlan, where olmec features appear around 1400BCE
What are some reasons for the rise of the Olmec civilization? The rise of the Olmec civilization can be credited to the local ecology of well watered alluvial soil, also the transportation network provided by the coatzacoalcos river
what was the key advantage of the Olmec civilization? farming
what was the first civilization of the Americas? The Olmec civilization
what did the Olmec civilization develop? They developed the calendar
______ was the largest and best presented city build by the Olmecs La venta
The important Olmec mountain sites were _____ El Manati, Chalcatzingo and Oxtotilan
Gods from Olmec art are given ______ instead of names numbers
Was bloodletting a common practice of the Olmec people? Bloodletting was a common practice
Which animals did the Olmec people regard as being top of the food chain? jaguars, eagles, caimans, snakes and sharks
What special significance did the Olmecs have for jaguars, eagles, caimans, snakes and sharks? They identified them as divine beings. They also believed that their rulers could transform themselves at will into such creatures
What is a were-jaguar? It is a creation of the Olmecs that is a cross between humans and jaguars which may have been their supreme deity
The Olmecs believed that _____ dwarves held up the sky four dwarves
Did the Olmecs worship the sky-dragon? Yes they did
The Rain baby is described as _____? a toothless human baby with an open mouth and cleft head
The colossal stone heads of the Olmec civilization were carved in? basalt
What did the colossal stone heads portray? They portrayed the actual rulers
How heavy were the stone heads? they were 8 tons in weight, and nearly 3 m high and the stones that the heads were curved from were transported from upto 80 kilometers away
How were the stones transported? using huge balsa rafts
why do the stones only show the head? It comes from a belief in mesoamerica tradition that the head bores the soul
What do the Olmec curvings and paintings normally depict? They depict seated rulers
what are some materials used in olmec curving? Jade and ceramic
what is the kune Axe? It is one of the most significant jade curvings

The Olmec Civilization prospered in ______

Which civilization is considered the forerunner of all Mesoamerican cultures such as the maya and Aztecs?

How big was the Olemc civilization?

Corn was first cultivated in _______?

The Olmec Civilization dates back from _____ BCE to about _____ BCE

what does the term "Olmec heartland" describe?

What are some of the geographical characteristics of the Olmec heartland?

The Olmec first appeared within the city of _____

What are some reasons for the rise of the Olmec civilization?

what was the key advantage of the Olmec civilization?

what was the first civilization of the Americas?

what did the Olmec civilization develop?

______ was the largest and best presented city build by the Olmecs

The important Olmec mountain sites were _____

Gods from Olmec art are given ______ instead of names

Was bloodletting a common practice of the Olmec people?

Which animals did the Olmec people regard as being top of the food chain?

What special significance did the Olmecs have for jaguars, eagles, caimans, snakes and sharks?

What is a were-jaguar?

The Olmecs believed that _____ dwarves held up the sky

Did the Olmecs worship the sky-dragon?

The Rain baby is described as _____?

The colossal stone heads of the Olmec civilization were carved in?

What did the colossal stone heads portray?

How heavy were the stone heads?

How were the stones transported?

why do the stones only show the head?

What do the Olmec curvings and paintings normally depict?

what are some materials used in olmec curving?

what is the kune Axe?

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