maya Civilization

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What geographical area did the maya civilization occur? They occupied the yucatan Peninsula which is preset day exico, parts of present day Guatemala, Honduras and El Salvador
The central part of the mayan empire was covered by the _______ rain forest great Amazonian through which ran river Belize
what kind of government did the maya civilization have? They had a hereditary absolute monarchy
The high priest was king of the sacred city of ______ Izamal and was consulted by the monach on all important things
Did the mayans keep slaves? Yes, the slaves were prisoners of war and their children
Crimes in the mayan civilization were punishable by ______, Death mostly by throwing over a precipice, fines, and enslavement.
What crops did the mayans grow? They grew maize, cotton, rubber, tobacco and tomatoes among other crops
The maya considered ______ to be the most precious sacrifice human life and blood. royal blood was the most sacred
Whose duty was it to convince the gods to bring sufficient rain? the King
______ was collected on strips of paper and burned to pay homage to the gods the spilled blood
What happened to victims of human sacrifice? They were either decapitated, drowned, underwent bloodletting or they had their still-beating hearts removed
Why did the maya sacrifice younger victims? younger victims pleased the gods because younger souls were considered pure
The object of war was to ______ was to take prisoners than to kill. Noble prisoners were sacrificed to the gods, the other prisoners were kept as slaves
Which materials did the maya use to design their works of art? they used flint, bone, jade, obsidian, stucco, shell, and cotton textile
_____ was used to make necklaces metal
what was the purpose of the maya art? mayan art was spiritual, and was designed to please the Gods
The focus of the mayan art is on the ________ human figure whether gods or mortals
Maya cities were dictated by the _____ of the location the topography
The directional orientation of the temple was due to ______ was due to the interpretation of the orbits of the heavenly bodies
In the maya cities ______ is where people gathered the public plaza
what is wattle and daub? It is a building material (used to build maya huts) used for making walls where woven lattice of wooden strips (wattle) is daubed with sticky material (i.e wet soil, clay etc)
What was the purpose of the pyramids? They acted as ceremonial monuments and vertical abodes of the gods
What was the architecture of the maya pyramids? They were composed of step like foundations and a central staircase
what is the largest structure the maya build? the temple of the jaguar priest which was about 70 meters high
Why did the maya empire decline? The mayan empire declined around the 10th century due to the invasion from central mexico and they grew beyond the capacity of the land
The last mayan center was captured by the ______ by the Spanish in the 17th century
what was the population of the maya at their peak? At their peak the maya population was around 15 million people

What geographical area did the maya civilization occur?

The central part of the mayan empire was covered by the _______ rain forest

what kind of government did the maya civilization have?

The high priest was king of the sacred city of ______

Did the mayans keep slaves?

Crimes in the mayan civilization were punishable by ______,

What crops did the mayans grow?

The maya considered ______ to be the most precious sacrifice

Whose duty was it to convince the gods to bring sufficient rain?

______ was collected on strips of paper and burned to pay homage to the gods

What happened to victims of human sacrifice?

Why did the maya sacrifice younger victims?

The object of war was to ______

Which materials did the maya use to design their works of art?

_____ was used to make necklaces

what was the purpose of the maya art?

The focus of the mayan art is on the ________

Maya cities were dictated by the _____ of the location

The directional orientation of the temple was due to ______

In the maya cities ______ is where people gathered

what is wattle and daub?

What was the purpose of the pyramids?

What was the architecture of the maya pyramids?

what is the largest structure the maya build?

Why did the maya empire decline?

The last mayan center was captured by the ______

what was the population of the maya at their peak?

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