Underground Railroad flashcards

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What was the Underground Railroad? It was a system used by enslaved African Americans to escape the South using a network of routes that led to the North where they could be free
Where did the name Underground Railroad come from? The name describing the network of houses, buildings and people who assisted in escape from the slave south to northern states or Canada
The individuals who most actively helped in the escape from the slave south were members of ______ the free black community, Northern abolitionists, philanthropist and church leaders
Who were the "conductors"? They were he guides who helped the slaves escape
Who were the "Passengers"? They were the slaves that were fleeing the slave south
what were "stations"? They were the stops where escaping slaves could rest
who were "station masters"? They were people who kept the escaped slaves hidden until it was safe for the to continue travelling
______ is the most famous " conductor" of the underground railroad Harriet Tubman. She made 19 trips to the south to help slaves escape. She helped more than 300 slaves escape
Who was Fredrick Douglass? He was an abolitionist who escaped slavery and became a well known writer and lecture in the North
What were abolitionists? People who aided slaves in their escape. They were people who supported the movement to end the slave trade and free slaves in Western Europe and the United States.
What was the Pearl Escape? It was when a large group of slaves escaped together
Who was William Still? He was a well-known abolitionist who was often called "the father of the Underground Railroad." He helped hundred of slaves to escape.
Where did the underground railroad begin? Dover, Delaware.
Who was Thomas Garrett? He became a famous abolitionist. He was born in 1789 in Pennsylvania to a Quaker family. When he was young, he rescued a free, black who worked in his family home, but had been kidnapped to be forced into slavery. After freeing her, he devoted his life to the freedom of all. He paid more than $8000 in fines for helping runaway slaves.
Thomas Garrett help free _____ slaves over 2700
Who was Samuel Burris? He was a free black man who was born in Delaware. In 1845, he started helping slaves who were fleeing Delaware and Maryland. When the Civil War was over, he raised money to aid free blacks.
What was the Fugitive Slave Act? It was a law passed in 1850 that made it legal to arrest fugitive slaves anywhere in the U.S.
Who was Henry "Box" Brown? He was a slave who arrived in Philadelphia, having traveled in a box for 350 miles from Richmond, Virginia. He was known as the man who mailed himself to freedom.

What was the Underground Railroad?

Where did the name Underground Railroad come from?

The individuals who most actively helped in the escape from the slave south were members of ______

Who were the "conductors"?

Who were the "Passengers"?

what were "stations"?

who were "station masters"?

______ is the most famous " conductor" of the underground railroad

Who was Fredrick Douglass?

What were abolitionists?

What was the Pearl Escape?

Who was William Still?

Where did the underground railroad begin?

Who was Thomas Garrett?

Thomas Garrett help free _____ slaves

Who was Samuel Burris?

What was the Fugitive Slave Act?

Who was Henry "Box" Brown?

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