Jim Crow Laws flashcards

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What are Jim Crow Laws? They were racial segregation laws enacted after reconstruction that mandated segregation of schools, parks, libraries, drinking fountains, restrooms, buses, trains, and restaurants.
What is the origins of the term "Jim Crow"? The term Jim Crow has been attributed to Jump Jim Crow, a song and dance caricature of blacks performed by white actors
what were the voting laws enacted during Jim Crow? Poll Tax, Literacy test, Grandfather Clause
What were Literacy tests? Literacy tests required people to read to vote. Blacks and minorities were affected because they were not able to get an education
what was the Grandfather Clause? The Grandfather Clause required an Ancestor of the voter to own land. Blacks did not have ancestors who had land because their ancestors were either slaves or lived in a different country
What were Poll Taxes? Poll tax were passed that required people to pay a certain fee to vote. This prevented blacks and minorities from voting since they did not have enough money
How were Jim Crow laws upheld? They were upheld by local government officials and reinforced by acts of terror by vigilantes
How were blacks and whites supposed to interact during Jim Crow? They were supposed to stay separate and when they did interact, the blacks were supposed to be respectful and act inferior.
In 1896 the supreme court enacted the doctrine of _______ in Plessy V. Ferguson Separate but equal
What was Plessy V. Ferguson? Homer Plessy was 1/8 black and could pass for white. He entered an all white train cart as an act of disobedience. He refused to move and was arrested. The case went to the Supreme Court.
Jim Crow Laws followed the 1800-1866 ________ codes which had previously restricted civil rights and liberties to blacks Black Codes
Segregation of public schools was deemed unconstitutional by the supreme court in 1954 in _______ case Brown V. Board of Education
Jim Crow laws were overruled by _______ Acts of 1964 and ______ Acts of 1965 Civil Rights Acts of 1964 and Voting Rights Acts of 1965

What are Jim Crow Laws?

What is the origins of the term "Jim Crow"?

what were the voting laws enacted during Jim Crow?

What were Literacy tests?

what was the Grandfather Clause?

What were Poll Taxes?

How were Jim Crow laws upheld?

How were blacks and whites supposed to interact during Jim Crow?

In 1896 the supreme court enacted the doctrine of _______ in Plessy V. Ferguson

What was Plessy V. Ferguson?

Jim Crow Laws followed the 1800-1866 ________ codes which had previously restricted civil rights and liberties to blacks

Segregation of public schools was deemed unconstitutional by the supreme court in 1954 in _______ case

Jim Crow laws were overruled by _______ Acts of 1964 and ______ Acts of 1965

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