Persian Empire

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The Persian Empire is also called the _____ Empire The Achaemenid Empire
The Persian Empire was founded by ______ Cyrus the Great, the king of Persia
Why was Cyrus the Great such an important ruler? He was an important ruler because he help unit the Persians into one kingdom.
When did Cyrus the great rule? He rules between 559 and 530 BCE
How did Cyrus the Great treat the people he conquered? He treated them with generosity, allowing them to continue with their cultures and customs e.g he allowed the Jews in Babylon to return home after the Babylonian Captivity
What lands did Cyrus and his successors conquer? Conquered Mesopotamia, Asia Minor, Syria, Canaan, and the Phoenician cities. His successors conquered Egypt, western India, and Thrace (a region northwest of Greece).
The first Persian Empire took control of the middle East after the fall of the ____ Empire The Babylonian Empire
Who extended the Persian Empire to Egypt? King Cambyses
who extended the Persian Empire to India? King Darius
Who succeeded King Cambyses? King Darius
Which ruler of Persia governed with an imperial bureaucracy? King Darius
What is an imperial bureaucracy? Division of an empire into organized provinces to make it easier to control
what was King Darius capital city Persepolis
What are some accomplishments of King Darius? He was able to standardize the currency and establish the Royal Road
What was the Royal Road? It was a system of stations along a road to provide fresh horses and riders to quickly communicate throughout the empire
How did the Persians connect their vast empire? They build roads that were used to communicate. The most famous road was the Royal road
Each part of the Persian Empire had a ruler called? A Satrap
Who were the Satrap? Satraps were local Governor, their duty was to enforce the Kings laws and collect taxes
How many Satraps did the Persian Empire have? Around 20 to 30 Satraps
The Persians followed the teachings of what prophet Zoroaster
Who was Zoroaster? He was a Persian prophet during the rule of the Chaldeans who explained good and evil in the world by giving believers a choice between following the god of good or god of evil
what happened after Zoroasterians who followed the god of evil died? They were Condemned to fiery pit
What happened after Zoroasterians who followed the god of good died? They entered life in paradise
What was Zoroastrian? These where beliefs in Ahura Mazda, the Persian god.
What happened when King Darius attempted to conquer the Greeks? He conquered some Greek cities but when he attempted to conquer Athens, he was defeated by the Athenians
King Darius was defeated by the Arthenians at the Battle of _____ Marathon
Why did King Darius decide to invade the Greeks? He invaded the Greeks because the Athenians had helped Greeks in Asia Minor rebel against their Persian rulers.
what was the name of king Darius Son Xerxes
Xerxes was defeated at the Battle of _______ Xerxes attempted to finish what his father started and conquer the Greeks, Xerxes was defeated at the Battle of Salamis and forced to retreat.
How large was Xerxes forces? 180,000 troops and thousands of ships
Why was it important for the Greeks to attack Persian ships? It was important for Greeks to attack Persian ships because the Persian army transported it's food in boats, and an attack on the ships would cut off the food supply
Why did the Greeks stall the Persian army So that they can get their forces ready for battle
who defeated the Persian Empire Greeks
Who led the Greeks in their conquest of the Persian Empire? Alexander the Great

The Persian Empire is also called the _____ Empire

The Persian Empire was founded by ______

Why was Cyrus the Great such an important ruler?

When did Cyrus the great rule?

How did Cyrus the Great treat the people he conquered?

What lands did Cyrus and his successors conquer?

The first Persian Empire took control of the middle East after the fall of the ____ Empire

Who extended the Persian Empire to Egypt?

who extended the Persian Empire to India?

Who succeeded King Cambyses?

Which ruler of Persia governed with an imperial bureaucracy?

What is an imperial bureaucracy?

what was King Darius capital city

What are some accomplishments of King Darius?

What was the Royal Road?

How did the Persians connect their vast empire?

Each part of the Persian Empire had a ruler called?

Who were the Satrap?

How many Satraps did the Persian Empire have?

The Persians followed the teachings of what prophet

Who was Zoroaster?

what happened after Zoroasterians who followed the god of evil died?

What happened after Zoroasterians who followed the god of good died?

What was Zoroastrian?

What happened when King Darius attempted to conquer the Greeks?

King Darius was defeated by the Arthenians at the Battle of _____

Why did King Darius decide to invade the Greeks?

what was the name of king Darius Son

Xerxes was defeated at the Battle of _______

How large was Xerxes forces?

Why was it important for the Greeks to attack Persian ships?

Why did the Greeks stall the Persian army

who defeated the Persian Empire

Who led the Greeks in their conquest of the Persian Empire?

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