Acids flashcards

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what are monoprotic acids? monoprotic acids are acids that donate one H+
what are diprotic acids? diprotic acids are acids that donate two H+
what are polyprotic acids? polyprotic acids are acids that donate many H+
what does amphoteric or amphiprotic mean? it means that a molecule or ion can behave as either an acid or a base
How does acids relate to PH? acid PH is less than 7
Acids turn blue litmus to? red
acids turn methyl orange to? red
acids neutralize bases to produce? salt and water
acids are donors of? hydrogen ions
acids react with carbonates to produce? salt, water and CO2
acids reacts with active metals to produce? hydrogen
what are strong acids? strong acids completely dissociate when dissolved in water
How does strong acids relate to K values? strong acids have very large dissociation or K values
What are the six strong acids? Hydrohalic acids ( HCl, HBr, HI ), Nitric acid, Sulfuric acid and Perchloric acid
How do weak acids dissociate? Weak acids do not completely dissociate, there only a degree of ionization happens.
How is the ionization of weak acids represented? The amount of ionization that occurs in a weak acid is represented by Ka. ( Ka = ([H+][A-]) / [HA] )
what is ka? the Ka value is a measure of the tendency of a compound or ion to dissociate.
what is ka also known as? Ka value is also known as the dissociation constant, or the ionisation constant.
what is pKa? pKa is measure of the acidity of weak acids. The smaller the pKa value, the stronger the acid ( pKa = -log Ka )

what are monoprotic acids?

what are diprotic acids?

what are polyprotic acids?

what does amphoteric or amphiprotic mean?

How does acids relate to PH?

Acids turn blue litmus to?

acids turn methyl orange to?

acids neutralize bases to produce?

acids are donors of?

acids react with carbonates to produce?

acids reacts with active metals to produce?

what are strong acids?

How does strong acids relate to K values?

What are the six strong acids?

How do weak acids dissociate?

How is the ionization of weak acids represented?

what is ka?

what is ka also known as?

what is pKa?

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