Next time, click the stars (or press S) to bookmarkdifficult terms for review.
it consists of a capsule, cell wall, cytoplasm, plasma membrane, cytoplasm region or nucleiod region, ribosome, plasmids, pili and flagella
cells can be defined as the basic unit of life
the term cell is derived from a latin word 'cella' which means "small room"
they are a cells that lack a nuclear membrane and most components of eukaryotic cells
a scientist called Robert Hook in 1665
the term prokaryotes come from the greek word "prokaryote" which mean before nuclei
they reproduce through binary fission, in some cases, few prokaryotic organisms can reproduce through budding
through binary fision
it is a slime layer which covers the cell wall of the prokaryote.
it is used to stick cells together. it also works as a food reserve. It also protects the cell from dryness
it is composed of a thick polysaccharides
cell wall is a tough and rigid layer that surrounds prokaryotic cells (and plant cell but never animal cells).
it provides strength and rigidity to the cell
it is composed of glycoprotein murein
it is the fluid that fills the cell
it is important in cellular growth, metabolism and replication
also known as cell membrane, it surrounds the cell and is important in controlling the movement of substances in and out of the cell
it is composed of proteins, phospholipids and carbohydrates which forms a fluid mosaic
it is the rotating tail
the flagella is powered by H+ gradient across the cell membrane
they are small protein appendage that attaches the bacteria to a surface
they are used in conjugation to exchange the genetic information
they are folds that are present inside the plasma membrane
they important in cellular respiration, replication of DNA, cell division