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What are Jim Crow Laws?

They were racial segregation laws enacted after reconstruction that mandated segregation of schools, parks, libraries, drinking fountains, restrooms, buses, trains, and restaurants.

What is the origins of the term "Jim Crow"?

The term Jim Crow has been attributed to Jump Jim Crow, a song and dance caricature of blacks performed by white actors

what were the voting laws enacted during Jim Crow?

Poll Tax, Literacy test, Grandfather Clause

What were Literacy tests?

Literacy tests required people to read to vote. Blacks and minorities were affected because they were not able to get an education

what was the Grandfather Clause?

The Grandfather Clause required an Ancestor of the voter to own land. Blacks did not have ancestors who had land because their ancestors were either slaves or lived in a different country

What were Poll Taxes?

Poll tax were passed that required people to pay a certain fee to vote. This prevented blacks and minorities from voting since they did not have enough money

How were Jim Crow laws upheld?

They were upheld by local government officials and reinforced by acts of terror by vigilantes

How were blacks and whites supposed to interact during Jim Crow?

They were supposed to stay separate and when they did interact, the blacks were supposed to be respectful and act inferior.

In 1896 the supreme court enacted the doctrine of _______ in Plessy V. Ferguson

Separate but equal

What was Plessy V. Ferguson?

Homer Plessy was 1/8 black and could pass for white. He entered an all white train cart as an act of disobedience. He refused to move and was arrested. The case went to the Supreme Court.

Jim Crow Laws followed the 1800-1866 ________ codes which had previously restricted civil rights and liberties to blacks

Black Codes

Segregation of public schools was deemed unconstitutional by the supreme court in 1954 in _______ case

Brown V. Board of Education

Jim Crow laws were overruled by _______ Acts of 1964 and ______ Acts of 1965

Civil Rights Acts of 1964 and Voting Rights Acts of 1965