Next time, click the stars (or press S) to bookmarkdifficult terms for review.
They were racial segregation laws enacted after reconstruction that mandated segregation of schools, parks, libraries, drinking fountains, restrooms, buses, trains, and restaurants.
The term Jim Crow has been attributed to Jump Jim Crow, a song and dance caricature of blacks performed by white actors
Poll Tax, Literacy test, Grandfather Clause
Literacy tests required people to read to vote. Blacks and minorities were affected because they were not able to get an education
The Grandfather Clause required an Ancestor of the voter to own land. Blacks did not have ancestors who had land because their ancestors were either slaves or lived in a different country
Poll tax were passed that required people to pay a certain fee to vote. This prevented blacks and minorities from voting since they did not have enough money
They were upheld by local government officials and reinforced by acts of terror by vigilantes
They were supposed to stay separate and when they did interact, the blacks were supposed to be respectful and act inferior.
Separate but equal
Homer Plessy was 1/8 black and could pass for white. He entered an all white train cart as an act of disobedience. He refused to move and was arrested. The case went to the Supreme Court.
Brown V. Board of Education
Civil Rights Acts of 1964 and Voting Rights Acts of 1965