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The Xia Dynasty was founded by Yu the Great
Yu the great was known for building canals that helped when the Yellow river flooded
When Yu died his son Qi became the new king. This was the point where leadership was passed to relatives instead of the king being elected by ability
Seventeen rulers are recorded to have ruled the Xia dynasty
He was a cruel and oppressive ruler who was overthrown when the Shang Dynasty took over
Xia Dynasty was the first Chinese Dynasty
It lasted nearly 500 years
The Xia ruled from around 2070 BC to 1600 BC when the shang Dynasty rose
Xia Dynasty marked a change from a primitive society to a slave society.
The existence of the Xia Dynasty is a point of contention. There is no conclusive evidence that is did exist or its just a chinese legend
It is recorded in ancient Chinese writings e.g the Classic of History and the Records of the Grand Historian
There is no archaeological evidence of the writings
Kings were chosen by ability
The Xia Dynasty begun when the kingdom's rule began to be passed to relatives i.e from father to son
Before the Xia Dynasty, China was ruled by the three Sovereigns
They were god-like beings had the ability to create humans.
After the three Sovereigns, China was ruled by the Five Emperors
until the beginning of the Xia Dynasty