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What is the shape of the adrenal glands

adrenal glands are two small yellowish bodies located on the upper pole of each kidney

The outer part of the adrenal glands is called the

cortex

The inner part of the adrenal glands is called the

medulla

The adrenal cortex produces

it produces corticosteroid and androgen hormones

The adrenal gland is also known as,

suprarenal glands

what is the function of the medulla?

it is connected to the sympathetic nervous system, and it secretes adrenaline and noradrenaline

which hormones are produced by the Adrenal cortex?

The adrenal cortex produced many cortical hormones which include Glucocorticoids, Mineralocorticoids and Androgens

what are the functions of Glucocorticoids?

They have many function which include breaking down proteins and lipids to produce glucose. Also they reduce inflammation and immune response

what are the functions of mineralocorticoids?

They help to regulate the concentration of minerals in the body

which hormones are produced by the Adrenal medulla?

The adrenal medulla produced epinephrine and norepinephrine under the stimulation of the sympathetic division of the autonomic nervous system

what is the function of the cortex?

it secretes corticosteroids

corticosteroids are synthesized from?

cholesterol

what are the three main types of corticosteroids?

mineralocorticoids, glucocorticoids, and androgen

what is an example of mineralocorticoids?

aldosterone

what is an example of glucocorticoids?

cortiol

what are androgens?

androgens are sex hormones that exhibit similar effects to testosterone

The outermost layer of the adrenal cortex is known as

zona glomerulosa

what covers the adrenal glands?

a thick connective tissue capsule

what does the cortex of the adrenal glands secrete?

steroid hormones

The adrenal glands receives it arterial blood supply from?

superior, middle and inferior suprarenal arteries

what does the medulla of the adrenal gland originate from?

neural crest cell, that migrate into the developing gland

what do the cortical cells of the adrenal gland originate from?

the mesodermal mesenchyme

what does the capsular capillaries supply?

the capsule of the adrenal

what does the fenestrated corticol capillaries supply?

the cortex and drain into the medullary capillaries

what do the medullary arterioles do?

they traverse the cortex and bring arterial blood to the medullary capillaries

The adrenal cortex is divided into which three zones?

Zona Glomerulosa, Zona fasciculata and Zona Reticularis

what surround each cell cluster in the zona glomerulosa?

a rich network of capillaries