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The Achaemenid Empire
Cyrus the Great, the king of Persia
He was an important ruler because he help unit the Persians into one kingdom.
He rules between 559 and 530 BCE
He treated them with generosity, allowing them to continue with their cultures and customs e.g he allowed the Jews in Babylon to return home after the Babylonian Captivity
Conquered Mesopotamia, Asia Minor, Syria, Canaan, and the Phoenician cities. His successors conquered Egypt, western India, and Thrace (a region northwest of Greece).
The Babylonian Empire
Division of an empire into organized provinces to make it easier to control
He was able to standardize the currency and establish the Royal Road
It was a system of stations along a road to provide fresh horses and riders to quickly communicate throughout the empire
They build roads that were used to communicate. The most famous road was the Royal road
Satraps were local Governor, their duty was to enforce the Kings laws and collect taxes
Around 20 to 30 Satraps
He was a Persian prophet during the rule of the Chaldeans who explained good and evil in the world by giving believers a choice between following the god of good or god of evil
They were Condemned to fiery pit
They entered life in paradise
These where beliefs in Ahura Mazda, the Persian god.
He conquered some Greek cities but when he attempted to conquer Athens, he was defeated by the Athenians
He invaded the Greeks because the Athenians had helped Greeks in Asia Minor rebel against their Persian rulers.
Xerxes attempted to finish what his father started and conquer the Greeks, Xerxes was defeated at the Battle of Salamis and forced to retreat.
180,000 troops and thousands of ships
It was important for Greeks to attack Persian ships because the Persian army transported it's food in boats, and an attack on the ships would cut off the food supply
So that they can get their forces ready for battle
Alexander the Great