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What is taxable income

It is the total income less deductions and exemptions

what is progressive tax

It is the tax rates are higher the greater one's income.

An income tax is progressive if

If the percentage of income paid as taxes increases as income increases.

what is a marginal tax rate

Marginal tax rate change in taxes / change in taxable income

If you would have to pay $5000 in taxes on a $25,000 taxable income and $7000 on a $30,000 taxable income, then the marginal tax rate on the additional $5000 of income is

40 percent and the average tax rate is about 23 percent at the $30,000 income level.

Assume that in year 1 you pay an average tax rate of 20 percent on a taxable income of $20,000. In year 2,you pay an average tax rate of 25 percent on a taxable income of $30,000. Assuming no change in tax rates,the marginal tax rate on your additional $10,000 of income is

35%

What is the average tax rate

It is the ratio of total taxes paid to total taxable income